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Dr Benjamin Dascombe

Associate Professor of Exercise and Sports Science

School of Environmental and Life Sciences (Applied Sciences)

Career Summary

Biography

Ben Dascombe is an Associate Professor in sports physiology at the Central Coast campus of the University of Newcastle. He currently is the the program convener for the Bachelor of Exercise and Sports Science and Bachelor of Exercise and Sports Science (Honours).

He completed his PhD in 2007 from Central Queensland University, before moving to the Western Australia Institute of Sport to work as a sports physiologist until 2009.

In 2009, Ben moved to the University of Newcastle as a lecturer in the newly established exercise and sports science program. His teaching interests lie predominately within exercise physiology, strength and conditioning and professional practice, but he has taught across many other disciplines. 

In 2011, Ben established the Applied Sports Science and Exercise Testing laboratory that consists of over a dozen student researchers and acts to focus on research that influences high performance practices. Ben has published over 50 published manuscripts or book chapters, 1 textbook on practical skills for exercise science students as well as numerous conference proceedings. Such research domains include investigating novel training practices, environmental physiology, applied sports performance and amino acid metabolism in athletes.

In 2013, Ben was awarded the Faculty of Science and IT Vice Chancellors Award for Researcher of the Year for his work. In addition to this, he has been invited to peer review research for over 15 international scientific journals and many industry consultancies. In his current role, Ben works with the strength and conditioning staff of a number professional sporting clubs in providing them with sports science advice and implementing new practices. Ben is an accredited exercise scientist with Exercise and Sports Science Australia and has held various other professional qualifications. 

Collaborations
Ben consults with various research entities around the Central Coast and Hunter regions. He as also developed research collaborations with various state, national and international entities.


Qualifications

  • PhD, University of Central Queensland
  • Bachelor of Human Movement Science, University of Central Queensland
  • Bachelor of Human Movement Science (Honours), University of Central Queensland

Keywords

  • Applied science
  • Applied sports science
  • Exercise
  • Exercise physiology
  • Professional practice
  • Strength and conditioning

Fields of Research

Code Description Percentage
110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified 100

Professional Experience

UON Appointment

Title Organisation / Department
Associate Professor of Exercise and University of Newcastle
School of Environmental and Life Sciences
Australia

Academic appointment

Dates Title Organisation / Department
1/07/2012 - 1/12/2012 Sports Physiologist/Strength and Conditioning Coach Sports Authority of India
Hockey
India
1/07/2007 - 1/03/2009 Sports Physiologist West Australian Institute of Sport
Athlete Support
Australia
1/07/2006 - 1/07/2007 Lecturer Central Queensland University
School of Health and Human Performance
Australia
Edit

Publications

For publications that are currently unpublished or in-press, details are shown in italics.


Book (1 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2011 Reaburn P, Dascombe BJ, Reed R, Jones A, Weyers J, Practical skills in sport and exercise science, Pearson Education, Essex, 414 (2011) [A2]

Chapter (3 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2015 Dascombe BJ, Elsworthy N, Scott B, Sculley DV, Reaburn PRJ, 'Physiological changes affecting performance of masters athletes', Nutrition and performance in masters athletes, CRC PRess, Boca Raton, FL 17-45 (2015)
2011 Reaburn PRJ, Dascombe BJ, Janse De Jonge XA, 'Body composition and gender differences in performance', Nutritional Assessment of Athletes, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 121-150 (2011) [B1]
Co-authors X Jansedejonge
2006 Dascombe BJ, Reaburn P R, Coutts A J, 'Understanding oxygen kinetics', Sport Science and Sport Medicine Reviews Selected Topics, CQU Publishing, Rockhampton 1-16 (2006)

Journal article (57 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2015 Secomb JL, Sheppard JM, Dascombe BJ, 'Reductions in Sprint Paddling Ability and Countermovement Jump Performance After Surfing Training.', J Strength Cond Res, 29 1937-1942 (2015)
DOI 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000843
2015 Scott BR, Loenneke JP, Slattery KM, Dascombe BJ, 'Exercise with Blood Flow Restriction: An Updated Evidence-Based Approach for Enhanced Muscular Development', Sports Medicine, 45 313-325 (2015)

A growing body of evidence supports the use of moderate blood flow restriction (BFR) combined with low-load resistance exercise to enhance hypertrophic and strength responses in s... [more]

A growing body of evidence supports the use of moderate blood flow restriction (BFR) combined with low-load resistance exercise to enhance hypertrophic and strength responses in skeletal muscle. Research also suggests that BFR during low-workload aerobic exercise can result in small but significant morphological and strength gains, and BFR alone may attenuate atrophy during periods of unloading. While BFR appears to be beneficial for both clinical and athletic cohorts, there is currently no common consensus amongst scientists and practitioners regarding the best practice for implementing BFR methods. If BFR is not employed appropriately, there is a risk of injury to the participant. It is also important to understand how variations in the cuff application can affect the physiological responses and subsequent adaptation to BFR training. The optimal way to manipulate acute exercise variables, such as exercise type, load, volume, inter-set rest periods and training frequency, must also be considered prior to designing a BFR training programme. The purpose of this review is to provide an evidence-based approach to implementing BFR exercise. These guidelines could be useful for practitioners using BFR training in either clinical or athletic settings, or for researchers in the design of future studies investigating BFR exercise.

DOI 10.1007/s40279-014-0288-1
2015 Stevens CJ, Hacene J, Wellham B, Sculley DV, Callister R, Taylor L, Dascombe BJ, 'The validity of endurance running performance on the Curve 3TM non-motorised treadmill', Journal of Sports Sciences, 33 1141-1148 (2015)

Abstract: This study aimed to test the validity of a non-motorised treadmill (NMT) for the measurement of self-paced overground endurance running performance. Ten male runners per... [more]

Abstract: This study aimed to test the validity of a non-motorised treadmill (NMT) for the measurement of self-paced overground endurance running performance. Ten male runners performed randomised 5-km running time trials on a NMT and an outdoor athletics track. A range of physiological and perceptual responses was measured, and foot strike was classified subjectively. Performance time was strongly correlated (r¿=¿0.82, ICC¿=¿0.86) between running modes, despite running time being significantly longer on the NMT (1264¿±¿124¿s vs. 1536¿±¿130¿s for overground and NMT, respectively; P¿<¿0.001). End blood lactate concentration and rating of perceived exertion were significantly higher on the NMT compared to overground. Integrated electromyography was significantly lower on the NMT for three muscles (P¿<¿0.05), and mean stride rate was also significantly lower on the NMT (P¿=¿0.04). Cardiorespiratory responses of heart rate, oxygen uptake and expired air volume demonstrated strong correlations (r¿=¿0.68¿0.96, ICC¿=¿0.75¿0.97) and no statistical differences (P¿>¿0.05). Runners were consistently slower on the NMT, and as such it should not be used to measure performance over a specific distance. However, the strong correlations suggest that superior overground performance was reflected in relative terms on the NMT, and therefore, it is a valid tool for the assessment of endurance running performance in the laboratory.

DOI 10.1080/02640414.2014.986502
Co-authors Robin Callister
2015 Scott BR, Slattery KM, Dascombe BJ, 'Intermittent hypoxic resistance training: Is metabolic stress the key moderator?', Medical Hypotheses, 84 145-149 (2015)

Traditionally, researchers and practitioners have manipulated acute resistance exercise variables to elicit the desired responses to training. However, recent research indicates t... [more]

Traditionally, researchers and practitioners have manipulated acute resistance exercise variables to elicit the desired responses to training. However, recent research indicates that altering the muscular environment during resistance training, namely by implementing a hypoxic stimulus, can augment muscle hypertrophy and strength. Intermittent hypoxic resistance training (IHRT), whereby participants inspire hypoxic air during resistance training, has been previously demonstrated to increase muscle cross-sectional area and maximum strength by significantly greater amounts than the equivalent training in normoxia. However, some recent evidence has provided conflicting results, reporting that the use of systemic hypoxia during resistance training provided no added benefit. While the definitive mechanisms that may augment muscular responses to IHRT are not yet fully understood, an increased metabolic stress is thought to be important for moderating many downstream processes related to hypertrophy. It is likely that methodological differences between conflicting IHRT studies have resulted in different degrees of metabolic stress during training, particularly when considering the inter-set recovery intervals used. Given that the most fundamental physiological stresses resulting from hypoxia are disturbances to oxidative metabolism, it becomes apparent that resistance training may only benefit from additional hypoxia if the exercise is structured to elicit a strong metabolic response. We hypothesize that for IHRT to be more effective in producing muscular hypertrophy and increasing strength than the equivalent normoxic training, exercise should be performed with relatively brief inter-set recovery periods, with the aim of providing a potent metabolic stimulus to enhance anabolic responses.

DOI 10.1016/j.mehy.2014.12.001
2015 Scott BR, Slattery KM, Dascombe BJ, 'Intermittent hypoxic resistance training: Is metabolic stress the key moderator?', Medical Hypotheses, 84 145-149 (2015)
DOI 10.1016/j.mehy.2014.12.001
2015 Coull NA, Watkins SL, Aldous JWF, Warren LK, Chrismas BCR, Dascombe B, et al., 'Effect of tyrosine ingestion on cognitive and physical performance utilising an intermittent soccer performance test (iSPT) in a warm environment', EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSIOLOGY, 115 373-386 (2015)
DOI 10.1007/s00421-014-3022-7
Citations Web of Science - 1
2015 Secomb JL, Sheppard JM, Dascombe BJ, 'Time-motion analysis of a 2-hour surfing training session.', Int J Sports Physiol Perform, 10 17-22 (2015)
DOI 10.1123/ijspp.2014-0002
Citations Scopus - 1Web of Science - 1
2015 Scott BR, Slattery KM, Sculley DV, Hodson JA, Dascombe BJ, 'Physical performance during high-intensity resistance exercise in normoxic and hypoxic conditions.', J Strength Cond Res, 29 807-815 (2015)
DOI 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000680
Citations Web of Science - 1
2015 Scott TJ, Delaney JA, Duthie GM, Sanctuary CE, Ballard DA, Hickmans JA, Dascombe BJ, 'Reliability and Usefulness of the 30-15 Intermittent Fitness Test in Rugby League.', J Strength Cond Res, 29 1985-1990 (2015)
DOI 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000846
2015 Scott BR, Slattery KM, Sculley DV, Hodson JA, Dascombe BJ, 'PHYSICAL PERFORMANCE DURING HIGH-INTENSITY RESISTANCE EXERCISE IN NORMOXIC AND HYPOXIC CONDITIONS', JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH, 29 807-815 (2015)
Citations Web of Science - 1
2015 Delaney JA, Scott TJ, Thornton HR, Bennett KJ, Gay D, Duthie GM, Dascombe BJ, 'Establishing Duration-Specific Running Intensities From Match-Play Analysis in Rugby League.', Int J Sports Physiol Perform, 10 725-731 (2015)
DOI 10.1123/ijspp.2015-0092
2015 Delaney JA, Thornton HR, Scott TJ, Ballard DA, Duthie GM, Wood LG, Dascombe BJ, 'Validity of Skinfold-Based Measures for Tracking Changes in Body Composition in Professional Rugby League Players.', Int J Sports Physiol Perform, (2015)
DOI 10.1123/ijspp.2015-0244
Co-authors Lisa Wood
2015 Borges TO, Dascombe B, Bullock N, Coutts AJ, 'Physiological Characteristics of Well-Trained Junior Sprint Kayak Athletes', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS PHYSIOLOGY AND PERFORMANCE, 10 593-599 (2015)
DOI 10.1123/ijspp.2014-0292
2015 Scanlan AT, Dascombe BJ, Kidcaff AR, Peucker JL, Dalbo VJ, 'Gender-Specific Activity Demands Experienced During Semiprofessional Basketball Game Play', INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS PHYSIOLOGY AND PERFORMANCE, 10 618-625 (2015)
DOI 10.1123/ijspp.2014-0407
2015 Delaney JA, Scott TJ, Ballard DA, Duthie GM, Hickmans JA, Lockie RG, Dascombe BJ, 'Contributing factors to change-of-direction ability in professional rugby league players.', J Strength Cond Res, (2015)
DOI 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000960
Co-authors Robert Lockie
2015 Scanlan AT, Tucker PS, Dascombe BJ, Berkelmans DM, Hiskens MI, Dalbo VJ, 'Fluctuations in activity demands across game quarters in professional and semi-professional male basketball.', J Strength Cond Res, (2015)
DOI 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000967
2015 Elsworthy N, Burke D, Dascombe BJ, 'Physical and psychomotor performance of Australian football and rugby league officials during a match simulation', Journal of Sports Sciences, (2015)

The onset of exercise facilitates an improvement in psychomotor performance until the second ventilatory threshold, after which performance is reduced. This inverted-U relationshi... [more]

The onset of exercise facilitates an improvement in psychomotor performance until the second ventilatory threshold, after which performance is reduced. This inverted-U relationship appears valid for incremental and steady-state exercise, however, not for intermittent exercise. This study examined changes in psychomotor performance of team sport officials during a laboratory-based match simulation. Twelve elite Australian football (n¿=¿5) and rugby league (n¿=¿7) officials (32.5¿±¿5.5 years; 180.0¿±¿6.8¿cm; 78.8¿±¿7.6¿kg) completed the match simulation on a non-motorised treadmill. Physiological measures were routinely taken, while psychomotor performance was assessed using the Eriksen flanker task (multiple-choice response time). Significant reductions (P¿<¿0.05) were observed in distance covered and high-speed running during the second half when compared to the first. No significant differences (P¿>¿0.05) in psychomotor performance at different time points were observed. Response time was significantly improved when running above 65% of maximal sprinting speed (P¿<¿0.01). This data questions the application of the inverted-U hypothesis for intermittent exercise and suggests that the short high-intensity efforts may not result in the same physiological events that limit psychomotor performance during sustained high-intensity exercise. More so, the high-intensity efforts during the match protocol appeared to promote psychomotor performance during the intermittent exercise.

DOI 10.1080/02640414.2015.1057208
Co-authors Darren Burke
2015 Scott TJ, Delaney JA, Duthie GM, Sanctuary CE, Ballard DA, Hickmans JA, Dascombe BJ, 'Reliability and Usefulness of the 30-15 Intermittent Fitness Test in Rugby League.', Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association, 29 1985-1990 (2015)
DOI 10.1519/jsc.0000000000000846
2015 Scott BR, Loenneke JP, Slattery KM, Dascombe BJ, 'Blood flow restricted exercise for athletes: A review of available evidence', Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, (2015)

Objectives: This study aimed to collate current evidence regarding the efficacy of various blood flow restriction (BFR) strategies for well-trained athletes, and to provide insigh... [more]

Objectives: This study aimed to collate current evidence regarding the efficacy of various blood flow restriction (BFR) strategies for well-trained athletes, and to provide insight regarding how such strategies can be used by these populations. Design: Review article. Methods: Studies that had investigated the acute or adaptive responses to BFR interventions in athletic participants were identified from searches in MEDLINE (PubMed), SPORTDiscus (EBSCO) and Google Scholar databases up to April 2015. The reference lists of identified papers were also examined for relevant studies. Results: Twelve papers were identified from 11 separate investigations that had assessed acute and adaptive responses to BFR in athletic cohorts. Of these, 7 papers observed enhanced hypertrophic and/or strength responses and 2 reported alterations in the acute responses to low-load resistance exercise when combined with BFR. One paper had examined the adaptive responses to moderate-load resistance training with BFR, 1 noted improved training responses to low-work rate BFR cardiovascular exercise, and 1 reported on a case of injury following BFR exercise in an athlete. Conclusions: Current evidence suggests that low-load resistance training with BFR can enhance muscle hypertrophy and strength in well-trained athletes, who would not normally benefit from using light loads. For healthy athletes, low-load BFR resistance training performed in conjunction with normal high-load training may provide an additional stimulus for muscular development. As low-load BFR resistance exercise does not appear to cause measureable muscle damage, supplementing normal high-load training using this novel strategy may elicit beneficial muscular responses in healthy athletes.

DOI 10.1016/j.jsams.2015.04.014
2014 Vickery WM, Dascombe BJ, Baker JD, Higham DG, Spratford WA, Duffield R, 'Accuracy and reliability of GPS devices for measurement of sports-specific movement patterns related to cricket, tennis, and field-based team sports.', J Strength Cond Res, 28 1697-1705 (2014) [C1]
DOI 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000285
Citations Scopus - 2Web of Science - 2
2014 Scanlan AT, Dascombe BJ, Reaburn PRJ, 'Development of the basketball exercise simulation test: A match-specific basketball fitness test', Journal of Human Sport and Exercise, 9 700-712 (2014) [C1]
DOI 10.14198/jhse.2014.93.03
2014 Scott BR, Slattery KM, Dascombe BJ, Sculley DV, 'Hypoxia and Resistance Exercise: A Comparison of Localized and Systemic Methods', Sports Medicine, (2014) [C1]

It is generally believed that optimal hypertrophic and strength gains are induced through moderate- or high-intensity resistance training, equivalent to at least 60 % of an indivi... [more]

It is generally believed that optimal hypertrophic and strength gains are induced through moderate- or high-intensity resistance training, equivalent to at least 60 % of an individual's 1-repetition maximum (1RM). However, recent evidence suggests that similar adaptations are facilitated when low-intensity resistance exercise (~20-50 % 1RM) is combined with blood flow restriction (BFR) to the working muscles. Although the mechanisms underpinning these responses are not yet firmly established, it appears that localized hypoxia created by BFR may provide an anabolic stimulus by enhancing the metabolic and endocrine response, and increase cellular swelling and signalling function following resistance exercise. Moreover, BFR has also been demonstrated to increase type II muscle fibre recruitment during exercise. However, inappropriate implementation of BFR can result in detrimental effects, including petechial haemorrhage and dizziness. Furthermore, as BFR is limited to the limbs, the muscles of the trunk are unable to be trained under localized hypoxia. More recently, the use of systemic hypoxia via hypoxic chambers and devices has been investigated as a novel way to stimulate similar physiological responses to resistance training as BFR techniques. While little evidence is available, reports indicate that beneficial adaptations, similar to those induced by BFR, are possible using these methods. The use of systemic hypoxia allows large groups to train concurrently within a hypoxic chamber using multi-joint exercises. However, further scientific research is required to fully understand the mechanisms that cause augmented muscular changes during resistance exercise with a localized or systemic hypoxic stimulus. © 2014 Springer International Publishing Switzerland.

DOI 10.1007/s40279-014-0177-7
Citations Scopus - 5Web of Science - 6
2014 Slattery KM, Dascombe B, Wallace LK, Bentley DJ, Coutts AJ, 'Effect of N-acetylcysteine on cycling performance after intensified training', Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 46 1114-1123 (2014) [C1]

PURPOSE: This investigation examined the ergogenic effect of short-term oral N-acetylcysteine (NAC) supplementation and the associated changes in redox balance and inflammation du... [more]

PURPOSE: This investigation examined the ergogenic effect of short-term oral N-acetylcysteine (NAC) supplementation and the associated changes in redox balance and inflammation during intense training. METHODS: A double-blind randomized placebo-controlled crossover design was used to assess 9 d of oral NAC supplementation (1200 mg·d) in 10 well-trained triathletes. For each supplement trial (NAC and placebo), baseline venous blood and urine samples were taken, and a presupplementation cycle ergometer race simulation was performed. After the loading period, further samples were collected preexercise, postexercise, and 2 and 24 h after the postsupplementation cycle ergometer race simulation. Changes in total antioxidant capacity, ferric reducing ability of plasma, reduced glutathione, oxidized glutathione, thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, interleukin 6, xanthine oxidase, hypoxanthine, monocyte chemotactic protein 1, nuclear factor ¿B, and urinary 15-isoprostane F2t concentration were assessed. The experimental procedure was repeated with the remaining supplement after a 3-wk washout. Eight participants completed both supplementation trials. RESULTS: NAC improved sprint performance during the cycle ergometer race simulation (P < 0.001, ¿p = 0.03). Supplementation with NAC also augmented postexercise plasma total antioxidant capacity (P = 0.005, ¿p = 0.19), reduced exercise-induced oxidative damage (plasma thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances, P = 0.002, ¿p = 0.22; urinary 15-isoprostane F2t concentration, P = 0.010, ¿p = 0.431), attenuated inflammation (plasma interleukin 6, P = 0.002, ¿p = 0.22; monocyte chemotactic protein 1, P = 0.012, ¿p = 0.17), and increased postexercise nuclear factor ¿B activity (P < 0.001, ¿p = 0.21). CONCLUSION: Oral NAC supplementation improved cycling performance via an improved redox balance and promoted adaptive processes in well-trained athletes undergoing strenuous physical training. © 2014 by the American College of Sports Medicine.

DOI 10.1249/MSS.0000000000000222
Citations Scopus - 1Web of Science - 1
2014 Vickery W, Dascombe B, Duffield R, 'Physiological, movement and technical demands of centre-wicket Battlezone, traditional net-based training and one-day cricket matches: a comparative study of sub-elite cricket players', JOURNAL OF SPORTS SCIENCES, 32 722-737 (2014) [C1]
DOI 10.1080/02640414.2013.861605
2014 Scott BR, Slattery KM, Sculley DV, Lockie RG, Dascombe BJ, 'Reliability of telemetric electromyography and near-infrared spectroscopy during high-intensity resistance exercise', Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 24 722-730 (2014)
DOI 10.1016/j.jelekin.2014.07.008
Co-authors Robert Lockie
2014 Scott BR, Slattery KM, Sculley DV, Lockie RG, Dascombe BJ, 'Reliability of telemetric electromyography and near-infrared spectroscopy during high-intensity resistance exercise', Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, 24 722-730 (2014) [C1]

This study quantified the inter- and intra-test reliability of telemetric surface electromyography (EMG) and near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) during resistance exercise. Twelve w... [more]

This study quantified the inter- and intra-test reliability of telemetric surface electromyography (EMG) and near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) during resistance exercise. Twelve well-trained young men performed high-intensity back squat exercise (12 sets at 70-90% 1-repetition maximum) on two occasions, during which EMG and NIRS continuously monitored muscle activation and oxygenation of the thigh muscles. Intra-test reliability for EMG and NIRS variables was generally higher than inter-test reliability. EMG median frequency variables were generally more reliable than amplitude-based variables. The reliability of EMG measures was not related to the intensity or number of repetitions performed during the set. No notable differences were evident in the reliability of EMG between different agonist muscles. NIRS-derived measures of oxyhaemoglobin, deoxyhaemoglobin and tissue saturation index were generally more reliable during single-repetition sets than multiple-repetition sets at the same intensity. Tissue saturation index was the most reliable NIRS variable. Although the reliability of the EMG and NIRS measures varied across the exercise protocol, the precise causes of this variability are not yet understood. However, it is likely that biological variation during multi-joint isotonic resistance exercise may account for some of the variation in the observed results. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

DOI 10.1016/j.jelekin.2014.07.008
Co-authors Robert Lockie
2014 Scott BR, Dascombe BJ, Delaney JA, Elsworthy N, Lockie RG, Sculley DV, Slattery KM, 'The Validity and Reliability of a Customized Rigid Supportive Harness During Smith Machine Back Squat Exercise', JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH, 28 636-642 (2014) [C1]
DOI 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182a362df
Citations Scopus - 3Web of Science - 3
Co-authors Robert Lockie
2014 Elsworthy N, Burke D, Scott BR, Stevens CJ, Dascombe BJ, 'Physical and decision-making demands of Australian football umpires during competitive matches.', Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association, 28 3502-3507 (2014) [C1]
DOI 10.1519/jsc.0000000000000567
Co-authors Darren Burke
2014 Elsworthy N, Burke DC, Dascombe BJ, 'Factors relating to the decision-making performance of Australian football officials', International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 14 401-410 (2014)
Co-authors Darren Burke
2014 Scott BR, Slattery KM, Dascombe BJ, 'Intermittent hypoxic resistance training: does it provide added benefit?', FRONTIERS IN PHYSIOLOGY, 5 (2014) [C3]
DOI 10.3389/fphys.2014.00397
2014 Dunstan RH, Sparkes DL, Roberts TK, Dascombe BJ, 'Preliminary Evaluations of a Complex Amino Acid Supplement, Fatigue Reviva, to Reduce Fatigue in a Group of Professional Male Athletes and a Group of Males Recruited from the General Public', Food and Nutrition Sciences, 5 231-235 (2014) [C1]
DOI 10.4236/fns.2014.52028
Co-authors Tim Roberts, Diane Sparkes, Hugh Dunstan
2014 Scott BR, Loenneke JP, Slattery KM, Dascombe BJ, 'Exercise with Blood Flow Restriction: An Updated Evidence-Based Approach for Enhanced Muscular Development', Sports Medicine, (2014)

A growing body of evidence supports the use of moderate blood flow restriction (BFR) combined with low-load resistance exercise to enhance hypertrophic and strength responses in s... [more]

A growing body of evidence supports the use of moderate blood flow restriction (BFR) combined with low-load resistance exercise to enhance hypertrophic and strength responses in skeletal muscle. Research also suggests that BFR during low-workload aerobic exercise can result in small but significant morphological and strength gains, and BFR alone may attenuate atrophy during periods of unloading. While BFR appears to be beneficial for both clinical and athletic cohorts, there is currently no common consensus amongst scientists and practitioners regarding the best practice for implementing BFR methods. If BFR is not employed appropriately, there is a risk of injury to the participant. It is also important to understand how variations in the cuff application can affect the physiological responses and subsequent adaptation to BFR training. The optimal way to manipulate acute exercise variables, such as exercise type, load, volume, inter-set rest periods and training frequency, must also be considered prior to designing a BFR training programme. The purpose of this review is to provide an evidence-based approach to implementing BFR exercise. These guidelines could be useful for practitioners using BFR training in either clinical or athletic settings, or for researchers in the design of future studies investigating BFR exercise.

DOI 10.1007/s40279-014-0288-1
Citations Web of Science - 1
2014 Stevens CJ, Hacene J, Wellham B, Sculley DV, Callister R, Taylor L, Dascombe BJ, 'The validity of endurance running performance on the Curve 3TM non-motorised treadmill', Journal of Sports Sciences, (2014)

This study aimed to test the validity of a non-motorised treadmill (NMT) for the measurement of self-paced overground endurance running performance. Ten male runners performed ran... [more]

This study aimed to test the validity of a non-motorised treadmill (NMT) for the measurement of self-paced overground endurance running performance. Ten male runners performed randomised 5-km running time trials on a NMT and an outdoor athletics track. A range of physiological and perceptual responses was measured, and foot strike was classified subjectively. Performance time was strongly correlated (r¿=¿0.82, ICC¿=¿0.86) between running modes, despite running time being significantly longer on the NMT (1264¿±¿124¿s vs. 1536¿±¿130¿s for overground and NMT, respectively; P¿<¿0.001). End blood lactate concentration and rating of perceived exertion were significantly higher on the NMT compared to overground. Integrated electromyography was significantly lower on the NMT for three muscles (P¿<¿0.05), and mean stride rate was also significantly lower on the NMT (P¿=¿0.04). Cardiorespiratory responses of heart rate, oxygen uptake and expired air volume demonstrated strong correlations (r¿=¿0.68¿0.96, ICC¿=¿0.75¿0.97) and no statistical differences (P¿>¿0.05). Runners were consistently slower on the NMT, and as such it should not be used to measure performance over a specific distance. However, the strong correlations suggest that superior overground performance was reflected in relative terms on the NMT, and therefore, it is a valid tool for the assessment of endurance running performance in the laboratory.

DOI 10.1080/02640414.2014.986502
Co-authors Robin Callister
2014 Elsworthy N, Burke DC, Dascombe BJ, 'Factors relating to the decision-making performance of Australian football officials', International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 14 401-410 (2014) [C1]
Co-authors Darren Burke
2013 Stevens CJ, Dascombe B, Boyko A, Sculley D, Callister R, 'Ice slurry ingestion during cycling improves Olympic distance triathlon performance in the heat', Journal of Sports Sciences, 31 1271-1279 (2013) [C1]

This study investigated the effect of ice slurry ingestion during a triathlon on intragastric temperature and 10 km running performance in the heat. Nine well-trained male triathl... [more]

This study investigated the effect of ice slurry ingestion during a triathlon on intragastric temperature and 10 km running performance in the heat. Nine well-trained male triathletes performed two randomised trials of a simulated Olympic distance triathlon in hot conditions (32-34°C). Exercise intensity during the swim (1500 m) and cycle (1 hr) legs was standardised, and the 10 km run leg was a self-paced time trial. During the cycle leg, either 10 g · kgBM-1 of ice slurry (< 1°C) or room temperature fluid (32-34°C) was ingested. In the run leg of the ice slurry trial, performance time (43.4 ± 3.7 vs. 44.6 ± 4.0 min; P = 0.03), intragastric temperature (at 1.5 km; 35.5 ± 1.2 vs. 37.5 ± 0.4°C; P = 0.002) and perceived thermal stress (at 5 km; 73 ± 9 vs. 80 ± 7 mm; P = 0.04) were significantly lower. Oxygen consumption was significantly higher in the ice trial between 9.5-10 km (52.4 ± 3.4 vs. 47.8 ± 5.4 mL · kg-1 · min-1; P = 0.04). The results suggest ice slurry ingestion was an effective ergogenic aid for triathlon running performance in the heat. The attenuation of intragastric temperature and perceived thermal stress were likely contributors to the self-selection of a higher running intensity and improved performance time. © 2013 Taylor & Francis.

DOI 10.1080/02640414.2013.779740
Citations Scopus - 5Web of Science - 4
Co-authors Robin Callister
2013 Vickery W, Dascombe B, Duffield R, Kellett A, Portus M, 'Battlezone: An examination of the physiological responses, movement demands and reproducibility of small-sided cricket games', Journal of Sports Sciences, 31 77-86 (2013) [C1]
DOI 10.1080/02640414.2012.720706
Citations Scopus - 4Web of Science - 4
2013 Vickery W, Dascombe B, Duffield R, Kellett A, Portus M, 'The influence of field size, player number and rule changes on the physiological responses and movement demands of small-sided games for cricket training', Journal of Sports Sciences, 31 629-638 (2013) [C1]
DOI 10.1080/02640414.2012.744080
Citations Scopus - 2Web of Science - 1
2013 Dunstan RH, Sparkes DL, Roberts TK, Crompton MJ, Gottfries J, Dascombe BJ, 'Development of a complex amino acid supplement, Fatigue Reviva (TM), for oral ingestion: initial evaluations of product concept and impact on symptoms of sub-health in a group of males', NUTRITION JOURNAL, 12 (2013) [C1]
DOI 10.1186/1475-2891-12-115
Citations Scopus - 2Web of Science - 1
Co-authors Diane Sparkes, Hugh Dunstan, Tim Roberts
2013 Dascombe B, Laursen P, Nosaka K, Polglaze T, 'No effect of upper body compression garments in elite flat-water kayakers', European Journal of Sport Science, 13 341-349 (2013) [C1]
DOI 10.1080/17461391.2011.606842
Citations Scopus - 5Web of Science - 4
2012 Scanlan AT, Dascombe BJ, Reaburn PRJ, 'The construct and longitudinal validity of the basketball exercise simulation test', Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 26 523-530 (2012) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 7Web of Science - 6
2012 Scanlan AT, Dascombe BJ, Reaburn P, Dalbo VJ, 'The physiological and activity demands experienced by Australian female basketball players during competition', Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 15 341-347 (2012) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 10Web of Science - 9
2011 Dascombe BJ, Hoare TK, Sear JA, Reaburn PR, Scanlan AT, 'The effects of wearing undersized lower-body compression garments on endurance running performance', International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 6 160-173 (2011) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 15Web of Science - 10
2011 Elsworthy N, Dascombe BJ, 'The match demands of Australian Rules Football umpires in a state-based competition', International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 6 559-571 (2011) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 4Web of Science - 4
2011 Scanlan AT, Dascombe BJ, 'The anthropometric and performance characteristics of high-performance junior life savers', Serbian Journal of Sports Sciences, 5 61-66 (2011) [C1]
2011 Scanlan A, Dascombe BJ, Reaburn P, 'A comparison of the activity demands of elite and sub-elite Australian men's basketball competition', Journal of Sports Sciences, 29 1153-1160 (2011) [C1]
DOI 10.1080/02640414.2011.582509
Citations Scopus - 16Web of Science - 14
2011 Goh SS, Laursen PB, Dascombe BJ, Nosaka K, 'Effect of lower body compression garments on submaximal and maximal running performance in cold (10 degrees C) and hot (32 degrees C) environments', European Journal of Applied Physiology, 111 819-826 (2011) [C1]
DOI 10.1007/s00421-010-1705-2
Citations Scopus - 15Web of Science - 13
2010 Sear JA, Hoare TK, Scanlan AT, Abt GA, Dascombe BJ, 'The effects of whole-body compression garments on prolonged high-density intermittent exercise', Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 24 1901-1910 (2010) [C1]
DOI 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181db251b
Citations Scopus - 20Web of Science - 19
2010 Dascombe BJ, Karunaratna M, Cartoon J, Fergie B, Goodman C, 'Nutritional supplementation habits and perceptions of elite athletes within a state-based sporting institute', Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 13 274-280 (2010) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.jsams.2009.03.005
Citations Scopus - 30Web of Science - 28
2009 Reaburn P, Dascombe BJ, Reaburn P, 'Anaerobic performance in masters athletes', European Review of Aging and Physical Activity, 6 39-53 (2009) [C1]
DOI 10.1007/s11556-008-0041-6
Citations Scopus - 7Web of Science - 4
2008 Spencer M, Dawson B, Goodman C, Dascombe BJ, Bishop D, 'Performance and metabolism in repeated sprint exercise: Effect of recovery intensity', European Journal of Applied Physiology, 103 545-552 (2008) [C1]
DOI 10.1007/s00421-008-0749-z
Citations Scopus - 34Web of Science - 29
2008 Scanlan A, Reaburn P, Osborne M, Dascombe BJ, 'The effects of wearing lower-body compression garments during endurance cycling', International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 3 424-438 (2008) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 36Web of Science - 33
2008 Reaburn P, Dascombe BJ, 'Endurance performance in masters athletes', European Review of Aging and Physical Activity, 5 31-42 (2008) [C1]
DOI 10.1007/s11556-008-0029-2
Citations Scopus - 45Web of Science - 28
2008 Reaburn P, Dascombe B, 'Do metropolitan Queensland firefighters meet the international firefighting standards for aerobic fitness?', Journal of Occupational Health and Safety - Australia and New Zealand, 24 321-327 (2008) [C1]

The aim of this study was to compare the physical fitness levels of 48 metropolitan Queensland firefighters with those of a normal, age-matched Australian population and the aerob... [more]

The aim of this study was to compare the physical fitness levels of 48 metropolitan Queensland firefighters with those of a normal, age-matched Australian population and the aerobic fitness standards recommended by the International Association of Fire Fighters (IAFF). Measures of physical fitness were determined using standardised procedures. Using a single-sample t-test and an alpha level of 0.05, results for four age groups were statistically compared with existing Australian fitness norms and aerobic capacity standards recommended by the IAFF. The results demonstrated that metropolitan Queensland firefighters have significantly higher body mass and body mass index values, but similar aerobic capacities to those of age-matched Australian males. The aerobic capacities were equal to or below those recommended by the IAFF. The risk of falling below these standards increased with age. Taken together, these findings suggest that many operational firefighters in metropolitan Queensland do not meet the aerobic fitness standards recommended by the IAFF.

Citations Scopus - 1
2007 Dascombe BJ, Reaburn PRJ, Sirotic AC, Coutts AJ, 'The reliability of the i-STAT clinical portable analyser', JOURNAL OF SCIENCE AND MEDICINE IN SPORT, 10 135-140 (2007) [C1]
DOI 10.1016/j.jsams.2006.05.023
Citations Scopus - 27Web of Science - 25
2007 Duncan MJ, Mummery WK, Dascombe BJ, 'Utility of global positioning system to measure active transport in urban areas', MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, 39 1851-1857 (2007) [C1]
DOI 10.1249/mss.0b013e31811ff31e
Citations Scopus - 30Web of Science - 27
Co-authors Mitch Duncan
2004 Coutts AJ, Murphy AJ, Dascombe BJ, 'Effect of direct supervision of a strength coach on measures of muscular strength and power in young rugby league players', JOURNAL OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING RESEARCH, 18 316-323 (2004) [C1]
Citations Scopus - 54Web of Science - 49
2002 Stanton R, Evans G, Dascombe BJ, Peddle M, 'Biometric and biomechanical correlates to outrigger canoe paddling', Journal of Australian Strength and Conditioning, 10 19-26 (2002) [C1]
Show 54 more journal articles

Conference (6 outputs)

Year Citation Altmetrics Link
2014 Taylor L, Watkins SL, Aldous JWF, Warren LK, Chrismas BCR, Dascombe B, et al., 'Effect Of Tyrosine Ingestion On Physical And Cognitive Performance During iSPT In A Warm Environment', MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE, Atlanta, GA (2014) [E3]
2012 Callister R, Giles AK, Dascombe BJ, Baker AL, Nasstasia Y, Halpin SA, et al., 'Healthy Body Healthy Mind: Development of an exercise intervention for the management of youth depression', Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, Sydney, Australia (2012) [E3]
Co-authors Robin Callister, Brian Kelly, Amanda Baker, Sean Halpin
2012 Scanlan A, Dascombe BJ, Reaburn P, Tucker P, Dalbo V, 'The development of the Basketball Exercise Simulation Test', Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, Sydney, Australia (2012) [E3]
2011 Elsworthy N, Dascombe BJ, 'The association between physical performance measures and decision making ability in Australian football umpires: A pilot study', 2011 Fatigue Symposium: The Future of Fatigue: Defining the Problem, Bathurst, NSW (2011) [E3]
2010 Callister R, Miller A, Aguiar EJ, Dascombe B, Smith C, Clark L, Rogers T, 'Blood lactate levels support classification of the 300 m shuttle run as an anaerobic capacity field test', Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 2010, 13(S1): e30-31., Port Douglas, Australia (2010)
DOI 10.1016/j.jsams.2010.10.525
Co-authors Andrew Miller, Robin Callister
2009 Dascombe BJ, Laursen P, Nosaka K, Reaburn P, Anderson R, 'The relationship between forearm oxygenation and selected physiological parameters in elite kayak paddlers', Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, Brisbane, QLD (2009) [E3]
Show 3 more conferences
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Grants and Funding

Summary

Number of grants 6
Total funding $241,473

Click on a grant title below to expand the full details for that specific grant.


20151 grants / $90,000

Can amino acid supplementation reduce fatigue in CFS patients? A randomized double-blind placebo-based trial.$90,000

Funding body: The Mason Foundation

Funding body The Mason Foundation
Project Team Professor Hugh Dunstan, Doctor Benjamin Dascombe, Doctor Tim Roberts, Doctor Margaret MacDonald, Doctor Diane Sparkes
Scheme Medical and Scientific Research Grant
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2015
Funding Finish 2015
GNo G1400814
Type Of Funding Aust Competitive - Non Commonwealth
Category 1NS
UON Y

20142 grants / $101,370

Susceptibility to significant sweat facilitated loss of amino acids in association with fatigue$99,370

Funding body: The Mason Foundation

Funding body The Mason Foundation
Project Team Professor Hugh Dunstan, Doctor Benjamin Dascombe, Doctor Tim Roberts
Scheme Medical and Scientific Research Grant
Role Investigator
Funding Start 2014
Funding Finish 2014
GNo G1300910
Type Of Funding Aust Competitive - Non Commonwealth
Category 1NS
UON Y

2013 Vice Chancellor's Award for Research Excellence - FSIT$2,000

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Doctor Benjamin Dascombe
Scheme Award for Research Excellence
Role Lead
Funding Start 2014
Funding Finish 2014
GNo G1301444
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

20122 grants / $45,103

The Relationship Between Performance and Athlete Training Load within Rugby League: A Comparison Between Elite and Sub-Elite Players$43,683

Funding body: Hunter Sports Group Pty Ltd

Funding body Hunter Sports Group Pty Ltd
Project Team Doctor Benjamin Dascombe
Scheme Postgraduate Research Scholarship
Role Lead
Funding Start 2012
Funding Finish 2012
GNo G1200140
Type Of Funding Grant - Aust Non Government
Category 3AFG
UON Y

Faculty ECA Networking/Conference Grant 2012$1,420

Funding body: University of Newcastle - Faculty of Science & IT

Funding body University of Newcastle - Faculty of Science & IT
Project Team Doctor Benjamin Dascombe
Scheme Early Career Academic (ECA) Networking/Conference Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2012
Funding Finish 2012
GNo G1401108
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y

20101 grants / $5,000

Development of a research strand aimed at developing non-invasive physiological monitoring during exercise $5,000

Funding body: University of Newcastle

Funding body University of Newcastle
Project Team Doctor Benjamin Dascombe
Scheme New Staff Grant
Role Lead
Funding Start 2010
Funding Finish 2010
GNo G1000624
Type Of Funding Internal
Category INTE
UON Y
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Research Supervision

Number of supervisions

Completed2
Current10

Total current UON EFTSL

PhD3.83

Current Supervision

Commenced Level of Study Research Title / Program / Supervisor Type
2015 PhD Analysis of the Factors Influencing Successful Rugby League Performance
Human Movement, Faculty of Science and Information Technology, The University of Newcastle
Principal Supervisor
2015 PhD The Loss of Amino Acids Via Sweat: Implications for Recovery From Exercise
Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science and Information Technology, The University of Newcastle
Co-Supervisor
2015 PhD The Loss of Amino Acids Via Sweat: Implications for Recovery From Exercise
Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science and Information Technology, The University of Newcastle
Co-Supervisor
2015 PhD Monitoring the Immune, Endocrine and Adrenal Responses to Acute and Chronic Training Demands in Elite Team-Sport Athletes: Understanding Fatigue and Performance
Human Movement, Faculty of Science and Information Technology, The University of Newcastle
Principal Supervisor
2015 PhD The Loss of Amino Acids Via Sweat: Implications for Recovery From Exercise
Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science and Information Technology, The University of Newcastle
Co-Supervisor
2014 PhD The Effect of Hormonal Markers on the Anthropometry and Physical Performance of Professional Rugby League Players
Human Movement, Faculty of Science and Information Technology, The University of Newcastle
Principal Supervisor
2013 PhD Development of Valid Performance Testing Protocols for Cross-country Mountain Bikers
Human Movement, Faculty of Science and Information Technology, The University of Newcastle
Principal Supervisor
2012 PhD The use of Field Based Tests on the Planning, Prescription and Quantification of Training and Match Play in Professional Rugby League
Human Movement, Faculty of Science and Information Technology, The University of Newcastle
Principal Supervisor
2012 PhD The Effects of Different Cooling Strategies on Endurance Exercise Performance and their Efficacy in the Training Environment
Human Movement, Faculty of Science and Information Technology, The University of Newcastle
Principal Supervisor
2012 PhD The Acute Physiological Physical and Perceptual Responses to Intermittent Hypoxic Resistance Training
Human Movement, Faculty of Science and Information Technology, The University of Newcastle
Principal Supervisor

Past Supervision

Year Level of Study Research Title / Program / Supervisor Type
2015 PhD Factors Influencing the Physiological and Perceptual Decision-Making Demands of Australian Football Field Umpires
Human Movement, Faculty of Science and Information Technology, The University of Newcastle
Principal Supervisor
2014 PhD The Use of Game-Based Training to Provide a Match-Specific Environment for Cricket Players
Human Movement, Faculty of Science and Information Technology, The University of Newcastle
Principal Supervisor
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Dr Benjamin Dascombe

Position

Associate Professor of Exercise and Sports Science
Exercise and Sport Science
School of Environmental and Life Sciences
Faculty of Science and Information Technology

Focus area

Applied Sciences

Contact Details

Email ben.dascombe@newcastle.edu.au
Phone (02) 4348 4150
Fax (02) 4348 4145

Office

Room SO.E1.39
Building Science Offices
Location Ourimbah
10 Chittaway Road
Ourimbah, NSW 2258
Australia
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