This is an occupation which is generally divided into four categories which although similar carry different levels of pay and authority.

Library Assistant

Library assistants perform general duties such as lending and returning books, stacking shelves, interlibrary loans and helping with patron enquiries. Assistants may also perform administrative duties and help with projects and displays. There are no formal qualifications needed for this position, however, various certificates and diplomas run through TAFE are recommended to enhance your opportunity of employment.

Library Technician

Library technicians have a strong focus on customer service and work under the direction of librarians and may be responsible for ordering and disseminating materials, organising and maintaining databases and catalogues, assisting with patron enquiries, develop and present promotional programs and library tours and liaising with other libraries. At a senior level they may supervise other library and clerical staff. TAFE and/or university qualifications are required for this role. Visit the Australian Library and Information Association (ALIA) site for more details.


Librarians are responsible for a variety of duties including those of assistants and technicians. They take an organisational role which may involve training staff, running courses for library uses, putting displays and special projects together and developing strategic plans. Librarians require either an ALIA recognised undergraduate degree in Library and Information studies, an ALIA resognised post-graduate diploma or masters degree combined with a related undergraduate degree or an ALIA recognised TAFE qualification combined with and ALIA recognised undergraduate degree. Please note: There are a variety of ALIA recognised degrees available at different institutions. Eligibility for post-graduate qualifications varies though is usually possible through an undergraduate arts program.

Music Librarian

Music Librarian has an extensive knowledge of music which he or she combines with regular librarian skills. Most music librarians have a bachelor’s degree in music history or theory and some positions require a master’s degree. One of the main responsibilities is to catalogue all music materials which consist of records, printed music and tapes. Music librarian must also have knowledge of online music databases to help students with their assessments and research projects. There is a great deal of reference work involved in this job and they should keep themselves up-to-dated by reading reviews of new music books, records and tapes. Music librarians can also help music teachers arrange for different courses and at times they are responsible for organising concerts, recitals and other music-related activities and events. Music librarian could also find jobs at TV or radio stations. If working at a public library, conservatory, or university library, then a music librarian is usually responsible to the library director.

Teacher Librarian

Teacher Librarians are employed in the school system and support and implement the vision of the school and community through building effective library services. A wide knowledge of the fields of education and librarianship and a strong understanding of school curriculum are required. Therefore, a Teacher Librarian is required to have dual qualifications in education/teaching and an ALIA recognised degree.