Nuclear Medicine Instrumentation 2B

Course code MRSC2580
Available in 2015
2015 Course Timetables


This course discusses the principles and operation of equipment used in nuclear medicine.



  • Semester 2 - 2015
  • Semester 2 - 2016

Learning Outcomes

1. Describe the atomic structure

2. Discuss radioactive decay

3. Relate the interaction mechanisms to nuclear medicine imaging

4. Describe the type and use of detectors used in the nuclear medicine department

5. Discuss the need and use of windowing

6. Explain the construction and operation of the gamma camera

7. Explain the construction and operation of SPECT; PET and PET/CT

8. Discuss the characteristics of radiopharmaceuticals

9. Describe the production of radiopharmaceuticals

10. Discuss nuclear medicine quality assurance procedures

11. Describe image quality in nuclear medicine

12. Understand radiation Dosimetry terms

13. Discuss radiation protection principles and dose reduction methods


This course will include the following items:

1. Basic atomic structure and radioactivity
a. Atomic structure
b. Isotopes
c. Radioactivity

2. Statistics and mathematics of nuclear decay
a. Normal distribution
b. Poisson statistics
c. Decay calculations [exponential]

3. Interactions between radiation and Matter
a. Coherent scattering
b. Photoelectric effect & characteristic radiation
c. Compton scattering
d. Pair Production
e. Relative Importance of Interaction types
f. Attenuation

4. Measurement of radiation and radioactivity
a. Detector types
b. Detector geometry & efficiency
c. Pulse-height analysis & energy spectra

5. Imaging systems
a. Gamma camera
b. Single photon emission computed tomography
c. Positron emission tomography
d. Hybrid PET & PET/CT systems

6. Radiopharmaceuticals
a. Desirable characteristics
b. Radionuclide production

7. Image Quality
a. Contrast
b. Resolution
c. Noise
d. Geometrical considerations
e. Artifacts

8. Quality Assurance
a. Overview and rationale for QC tests in Nuclear Medicine
b. Radiopharmaceutical Integrity
c. Dose calibrator
d. Gamma camera
e. Computer image processing

9. Radiation Protection & Dosimetry
a. Radiation Effects
b. Risk Assessment
c. Principles of Radiation Protection
d. Dose Quantities
e. Measurement of Dose
f. Dose Reduction Methods


This course is only available to students enrolled in the B MRS (Nuclear Medicine). Pre-requisite - successful completion of PHYS1250.

Assumed Knowledge

MRSC2501: MRS Instrumentation IIA

Assessment Items

Formal Examination: Exams - formal

Contact Hours



Face to Face On Campus 4 hour(s) per Week for Full Term


Face to Face On Campus 1 hour(s) per Week for Full Term

Tutorial is an optional attendance for students requiring extra support