Nuclear Medicine Instrumentation 2B

Course code MRSC2580
Available in 2016
2015 Course Timetables


This course discusses the principles and operation of equipment used in nuclear medicine.



  • Semester 2 - 2016

Learning Outcomes

1. Describe the atomic structure

2. Discuss radioactive decay

3. Relate the interaction mechanisms to nuclear medicine imaging

4. Describe image quality in nuclear medicine

5. Describe the production of radiopharmaceuticals

6. Discuss the characteristics of radiopharmaceuticals

7. Describe the type and use of detectors used in the nuclear medicine department

8. Discuss the need and use of windowing

9. Explain the construction and operation of nuclear counting systems

10. Explain the construction and operation of the gamma camera

11. Explain the construction and operation of SPECT; PET and PET/CT

12. Discuss nuclear medicine quality control procedures

13. Understand radiation Dosimetry terms

14. Discuss radiation protection principles and dose reduction methods


This course will include the following items: 1. Basic Atomic Structure and Radioactivity Atomic structure Isotopes Radioactivity 

2. Radiopharmaceuticals (1 Lecture) Radionuclide production Desirable characteristics

3. Interactions between Radiation and Matter Charged Particles Photoelectric effect & characteristic radiation Compton scattering Pair Production Relative Importance of Interaction types in Nuclear Medicine Attenuation

4. Image Quality Contrast Resolution Noise Assessment Measures

5. Measurement of Radiation and Radioactivity Detector types Pulse-height analysis & energy spectra

6. Counting Systems and Statistics Normal distribution Poisson statistics Decay calculations [exponential]

7. Imaging Systems Gamma camera Single photon emission computed tomography Positron emission tomography Hybrid PET & PET/CT systems 

8. Quality Control Overview and rationale for QC tests in Nuclear Medicine Frequency of Tests General Procedures

9. Radiation Biology and Dosimetry Interaction mechanisms Mutation Radiation carcinogenesis & other stochastic effects Deterministic effects Effects on embryonic and foetal development Radiation units Methods of assessing radiation dose Patient radiation doses in nuclear medicine

10. Radiation Protection Objectives of Radiation Protection Biological aspects Measures of detriment ICRP framework of radiological protection Dose limits Practical methods of reducing dose to staff Practical methods of reducing dose to patients  

Assumed Knowledge

MRSC2501: MRS Instrumentation IIA

Assessment Items

In Term Test: Exam - In class 1

In Term Test: Exam - In class 2

Contact Hours



Face to Face On Campus 4 hour(s) per Week for Full Term


Face to Face On Campus 1 hour(s) per Week for Full Term

Tutorial is an optional attendance for students requiring extra support