Nuclear Medicine Instrumentation IIB

Course code MRSC2580Units 10Level 2000Faculty of Health and MedicineSchool of Health Sciences

This course discusses the principles and operation of equipment used in nuclear medicine.

Available in 2015

Callaghan CampusSemester 2
Previously offered in 2014
ObjectivesAt the completion of this course, radiation therapy students shall be able to:

At the completion of this course, nuclear medicine students shall be able to:
1. Describe the atomic structure
2. Discuss radioactive decay
3. Relate the interaction mechanisms to nuclear medicine imaging
4. Describe the type and use of detectors used in the nuclear medicine department
5. Discuss the need and use of windowing
6. Explain the construction and operation of the gamma camera
7. Explain the construction and operation of SPECT; PET and PET/CT
8. Discuss the characteristics of radiopharmaceuticals
9. Describe the production of radiopharmaceuticals
10. Discuss nuclear medicine quality assurance procedures
11. Describe image quality in nuclear medicine
12. Understand radiation Dosimetry terms
13. Discuss radiation protection principles and dose reduction methods
ContentThis course will include the following items:

1. Basic atomic structure and radioactivity
a. Atomic structure
b. Isotopes
c. Radioactivity

2. Statistics and mathematics of nuclear decay
a. Normal distribution
b. Poisson statistics
c. Decay calculations [exponential]

3. Interactions between radiation and Matter
a. Coherent scattering
b. Photoelectric effect & characteristic radiation
c. Compton scattering
d. Pair Production
e. Relative Importance of Interaction types
f. Attenuation

4. Measurement of radiation and radioactivity
a. Detector types
b. Detector geometry & efficiency
c. Pulse-height analysis & energy spectra

5. Imaging systems
a. Gamma camera
b. Single photon emission computed tomography
c. Positron emission tomography
d. Hybrid PET & PET/CT systems

6. Radiopharmaceuticals
a. Desirable characteristics
b. Radionuclide production


7. Image Quality
a. Contrast
b. Resolution
c. Noise
d. Geometrical considerations
e. Artifacts

8. Quality Assurance
a. Overview and rationale for QC tests in Nuclear Medicine
b. Radiopharmaceutical Integrity
c. Dose calibrator
d. Gamma camera
e. Computer image processing

9. Radiation Protection & Dosimetry
a. Radiation Effects
b. Risk Assessment
c. Principles of Radiation Protection
d. Dose Quantities
e. Measurement of Dose
f. Dose Reduction Methods
TransitionTransitional arrangements will be done on a case-by-case basis. It is estimated that only 2-3 students will need transition between the old and new course.
Industrial Experience0
Assumed KnowledgeMRSC2501: MRS Instrumentation IIA
Modes of DeliveryFlexible Delivery / Student Centred Learning
Internal Mode
Teaching MethodsLecture
Integrated Learning
Self Directed Learning
Tutorial
Assessment Items
Examination: FormalRadioactivity, Interactions & Measuring Systems Exam:
Format: A series of questions, which may comprise MCQ, T/F and short answer questions
This examination assesses objectives 1, 2, 3, 4 & 5
Time: Week 3
Examination: FormalImaging Systems Exam:
format: A series of questions, which may comprise MCQ, T/F and short answer questions
This examination assesses objectives 6 & 7
Time: Week 10
Examination: FormalQA, IQ, Radiation Protection & Dosimetry Examination:
format: A series of questions, which may comprise MCQ, T/F and short answer questions
This examination assesses objectives 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 & 13
Time: Week 13
Online Learning ActivitiesStudent are required to read articles on Quality Assurance in Nuclear Medicine.

They are then required to post onto BB, the 5 moost important things that they learnt from the readings.
Other: (please specify)In order to pass this course, the student must obtain at least an average of 50% and a minimum of 40% in any assessment.
Contact HoursTutorial: for 1 hour(s) per Week for Full Term
Lecture: for 4 hour(s) per Week for Full Term
Compulsory Components
Requisite by EnrolmentThis course is only available to students enrolled in the Bachelor of Medical Radiation Science (Nuclear Medicine)
Compulsory Program ComponentMust have completed PHYS1250.
Timetables2015 Course Timetables for MRSC2580