Deals with the most violent age in European history, 1900-1945. Why did the period following the First World War see the rise of Mussolini and Hitler? Why were European societies polarised by extremist ideologies of the left and the right? What links were there between fascist repression and militarist expansionism? How do we explain the genocidal impulses of fascism? This course takes an in-depth look at Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. It looks at the economic, social and political forces that gave rise to fascism, its methods of rule, and its drive to total warfare, particularly on the Soviet front. In this context, it also looks at the debates concerning the Jewish Holocaust and differing interpretations of fascism and its representation.
Not currently offered.
This Course was last offered in Semester 1 - 2015.
On successful completion of the course students will be able to:
1. Display an understanding of the key themes in the history of Fascist Italy and National Socialist Germany;
2. have developed critical and analytical skills appropriate to upper-level university students, including the ability to use sources critically
3. have developed the ability to interpret and utilise a variety of historical sources;
4. have developed research and reflective skills relevant to the study of the humanities and to recognise and understand different approaches to history (social, economic, cultural, diplomatic, political, psychoanalytic).
Some of the themes examined may include: the nature of fascism as an ideology; the origins of Fascism in Italy and National Socialism in Germany; the impact of Fascism/ Nazism on society; foreign policy and race; the cult of the leader; and the Second World War and its aftermath.
20 units of History or at 1000 level or equivalent
Written Assignment: One to three written assignments
Formal Examination: Formal exam or class test
Participation: Class participation demonstrating preparation and involvement