Growth, Development and Ageing


This course focuses on the study of biological growth, maturation and physical performance during childhood and adolescence, as well as the decline in physiological function and performance with ageing. Prescribing appropriate exercise programs for the different age groups as well as during pregnancy will be covered as will be the selection of suitable fitness and performance assessments.



  • Semester 2 - 2015

Learning Outcomes

1. Discuss the age- and sex- associated variation in growth and physical performance, and chronological age vs. biological age;

2. Describe the interrelationship among maturity indicators during biological maturation and the influence of genetic, endocrine and nutritional factors;

3. Describe the various physical, physiological, and cognitive changes that occur with ageing;

4. Describe the physiological factors limiting exercise performance across the life cycle;

5. Discuss the impact of ageing and sedentary lifestyle on physical work capacity and the incidence of chronic disease;

6. Select appropriate fitness tests or modify standard protocols for children, pregnant women and older adults;

7. Prescribe appropriate physical training programs for children, adolescents, and older adults.


  • Pre-natal growth and pregnancy
  • Somatic growth
  • Physique and body composition
  • Bone, muscle fat, and the cardiovascular system
  • Motor development and performance
  • Perceptual and sensory development
  • Adolescence
  • Physical activity and exercise in childhood and adolescence, performance assessments and exercise prescription
  • Musculoskeletal and neuromuscular aspects of ageing
  • Cardiovascular and cognitive changes, frailty and physical performance including assessments
  • Ageing and exercise

Replacing Course(s)

This course replaces the following course(s): SPOR2080. Students who have successfully completed SPOR2080 are not eligible to enrol in EXSS2080.

Assumed Knowledge

HUBS1108 Musculoskeletal Anatomy for Podiatry HUBS1403 Biomedical Science Part 1 HUBS1404 Biomedical Science Part 2 EXSS1010 or SPOR1010 Foundations of Exercise and Sport Science

Assessment Items

Formal Examination: Examination: Formal and Examination: Class (Mid-Semester)

Presentation: Oral presentation and handout

Tutorial / Laboratory Exercises: Laboratory note books

Contact Hours



Face to Face On Campus 1 hour(s) per Week for Full Term


Face to Face On Campus 2 hour(s) per Week for Full Term