Fundamentals of Biology and Biochemistry

Description

The diversity of important biological molecules and how their structures relate to their function in relation to living systems is demonstrated. Smaller biomolecules such as amino acids, nucleotides and sugars that were studied in first year chemistry (CHEM1120) are known to have important biological functions of their own, and are also utilised as building blocks for biopolymers such as proteins, nucleic acids and polysaccharides. The metabolic processes that occur in cells to synthesise and degrade these biomolecules and to provide energy for the cell will be presented with a view to showing how biological structures, biochemical reactions and pathways are connected and controlled in living systems. Students will gain competency in basic laboratory skills.

Availability

Ourimbah

  • Semester 1 - 2015

Learning Outcomes

1. A basic understanding of the cellular structure and function of plants;

2. An understanding of the scientific philosophy associated with research in biochemistry, and competency in basic laboratory skills;

3. Knowledge of the diversity of biomolecules, as well as their metabolic and structural roles in cellular function;

4. Knowledge of the sources of energy for cells, and how cells utilise this chemical energy for growth and maintenance;

5. An understanding of how chemical reactions are mediated, integrated and regulated in the cell.

Content

  1. Plant cell structure and function
  2. Biomolecules

 

  1. Sugars and polysaccharides
  2. Fatty acids and complex lipids
  3. Amino acids and proteins
  4. Vitamins and coenzymes

 

  1. Cell processes

 

  1. Enzymes

 

  1. Energy metabolism

 

  1. Glycolysis
  2. The pentose phosphate pathway
  3. The Krebs Citric Acid Cycle or TCA Cycle
  4. Electron transport and oxidative phosphorylation

 

  1. Cellular metabolism

 

  1. Utilisation of polysaccharides
  2. Glycogenesis and biosynthesis of disaccharides and polysaccharides,
  3. Lipid metabolism

Assumed Knowledge

CHEM1110, CHEM1120, HUBS1401 and HUBS1416.

Assessment Items

Tutorial / Laboratory Exercises: Tutorial Exercises - assignments

Formal Examination: Formal examination

Report: Laboratory Experiments and reports

Presentation: Presentation, Individual (Oral)

Tutorial / Laboratory Exercises: Tutorial Exercises - assignments

Compulsory Requirements

In order to pass this course, each student must complete ALL of the following compulsory requirements:

General Course Requirements:

  • Laboratory: Induction Requirement - Students must attend and pass the induction requirements before attending these sessions. - In order to participate in this course students must complete a compulsory Safety and Risk Assessment induction. These will generally occur in the first week of each course or prior to a placement or field trip. Students will be advised of RA and H & S requirements by the Course Coordinator at the beginning of the semester.

Contact Hours

Laboratory

Face to Face On Campus 3 hour(s) per Week for Full Term

Seminars will be incorporated into laboratory sessions.

Lecture

Face to Face On Campus 2 hour(s) per Week for Full Term

Tutorial

Face to Face On Campus 1 hour(s) per Week for Full Term