2nd Asia-Pacific Educational Integrity Conference
Evaluation of the Authenticity of the Documents' Narrators on the History Research
Dr. Hooshang Khosrobeigi - Payame Noor University, Iran
The most significant task of a history researcher is to evaluate the authenticity of the relevant documents, the extent of their authenticity and to observe the ethical codes.
The degree of the authenticity of documents depends on the place of its narrator, and the extent to which he has been influenced by the external atmosphere or his own inclinations. Moreover, based on the tradition of copying the documents in the past, a great number of existing documents are either adapted or changed. The unfamiliarity of scribes or their preferences and the degree of their honesty and devotion to this task affect the credit of the document. Besides, some documents are the translations from different languages, and the original document usually does not exist. Consequently, here the honesty of the translator and following the principles of translation play important parts.
The researcher should consider the possibility of forgery. A document like an artistic work may be a counterfeit. The forger may belong to the past or be a contemporary, who has forged a document for money.
The aim of this paper is to study and evaluate the extent of scientific honesty and the observance of ethical codes on the part of the writers and introducers of historical documents.
Keywords : document, history research, authenticity, scribe, forgery, counterfeit