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AGPS Referencing

Guidelines for the AGPS Referencing Style are contained in the 6th edition (2002) of the "Style Manual for Authors, Editors and Printers", previously published by the Australian Government Publishing Service (AGPS).

Copies of the Style Manual are held in the University of Newcastle Library. Check NEWCAT for call number and availability.

Cover of "Style Manual for Authors, Editors and Printers" - 6th edition

Example Text

The case study tradition in American sociology is full and varied. An influential early study (Lynd & Lynd 1929) reported on the life of the small town of Muncie, Indiana. The case study provided fascinating details about the daily life of the community and has inspired a long series of similar studies. William Whyte (Whyte 1943) became a participant observer in an Italian slum neighbourhood in an American city. Sociologists had previously assumed that such a slum community would not be highly organised. Whyte showed that it was, although not along the lines dictated by middle-class values. Festinger et. Al. (1956) penetrated a cult whose members believed that the earth was doomed to imminent destruction but that a select few would be saved by aliens in a flying saucer. He eventually found himself on a hilltop awaiting the event with members of the cult, and he detailed their reactions when the prophecy failed. Irving Goffman (1961) spent many months as an observer in a mental hospital (he worked in the hospital as an aide). His account of how the organisation of an asylum systematically depersonalises the patients and may even aggravate their problems has been influential.
Others (Berger 1964; Hodge & Treiman 1968) report on their research spent in long periods as participant observers with poolroom hustlers, learning how they “set up” their victims and analysing their code of ethics. Liebow (1967), a white man, joined a group of apparently aimless black men “hung out” on street corners. He was eventually able to win the confidence of the group and to provide a detailed account of its members’ lives. John Lofland (1966) participated in a religious cult – the Moonies – at a time when it only had handful of converts, and he was later (1977) able to use the knowledge from his case study to analyse the reasons for the cult’s subsequent rapid growth.


Reference List

Berger, PL 1964, 'Some general observations on the problem of work', in PL Berger (ed.), The Human Shape of Work, Macmillan, New York, pp. 234-67.

Festinger, L, Riecken, HW & Schachter, S 1956, When prophecy fails, University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis.

Goffman, E 1961, Asylums : essays on the social situation of mental patients and other inmates, Anchor Books, Garden City, N.Y.

Hodge, RW & Treiman, DJ 1968, 'Class identification in the United States', American Journal of Sociology, vol. 73, no. 4, pp. 535-47.

Liebow, E 1967, Tally's Corner : A Study of Negro Streetcorner Men, Little & Brown, Boston.

Lofland, J 1966, Doomsday Cult, 1st edn, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliff, N.J.

---- 1977, Doomsday Cult, Enlarged Edition edn, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

Lynd, RS & Lynd, HM 1929, Middletown: A Study in American Culture, Harcourt Brace, New York.

Whyte, WH 1943, Street Corner Society : The Social Structure of an Italian Slum, Chicago Press, Chicago.